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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.


Author Guidelines

African Journal of Advanced Pure and Applied Sciences (AJAPAS) accepts research and review article in pure and applied sciences. All manuscripts are subjected to a rapid peer review process. Manuscripts those are original work of author(s) (which are not previously been published and are not under consideration for publication by another journal) and having high quality would be published without any delay in subsequent issue. There are no publication charges. However, we expect in the near future there will be a small publishing fee publishing and maintaining the content online, outsourcing facilities, tools, and resources for publication of the article.

Submit Manuscript: Submit your manuscript along with mandatory Author’s declaration Form by email or online submission. Manuscripts should be prepared as word documents in doc/docx format only. Papers sent in PDF format will not be accepted. A manuscript number will be mailed to the corresponding author within 48 hours. Manuscript needs to be submitted along with Authors declaration form through email attachment at or through the website Submission Link 

Click the links to download

- AJAPAS manuscript template

- AJAPAS manuscript template in Arabic

Author’s Declaration Form of AJAPAS


Manuscript categories

African Journal of Advanced Pure and Applied Sciences (AJAPAS) accepts four types of manuscripts (i) Full length research articles, (ii) Short communications, (iii) Review articles, and (iv) Case Reports etc.

  • Full-length research articles should not generally exceed 25 double-spaced pages of text (not including the references) and should not contain more than 15 figures and/or tables.
  • Short communications should not exceed 10 double-spaced pages of text (not including the references) and no more than 5 figures and/or tables. 
  • Reviews article should not generally exceed 20 double-spaced pages of text (not including the references) and should not contain more than 10 figures and/or tables.
  • Case studies should not exceed 10 double-spaced pages of text (not including the references) and no more than 5 figures and/or tables.

Manuscript preparation for Full-length research articles

Manuscript format

The manuscript should be typed, double-spaced on A4 size paper with 1" margins on all sides in MS word format. All lines should be numbered automatically with restart each page. All pages should be automatically numbered at right side of bottom. Times New Roman font (12 pt) and justify alignment should be used throughout the manuscript. The first page of manuscript is a title page, which should contains Title of manuscript, Author's full names, affiliations of all authors, and information for correspondence. The second page of manuscript should contain Abstract and Keywords. The subsequent pages should include Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements (if any) and References.

Title page

The first page of manuscript is a title page which should contains Title of manuscript, Author's full names, affiliations of all authors, and information for correspondence.

  • Title of the manuscript should be clear, concise and informative. Title should be typed in sentence case.
  • Provide the name(s) of authors as First Name (Given name)-Middle Name- Last name (Family name/Surname) for each author and check that all names are accurately spelled.
  • Present the author's affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names of authors. Indicate all affiliations with superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate affiliation address. Provide the full details of each affiliation including country name.
  • Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Corresponding Author of the manuscript must be marked with an asterisk. The Corresponding Author must indicate his or her complete mailing address including office/cellular phone number/fax number, and email address. 
  • Provide the e-mail address of each author.


The second page of manuscript should contain Abstract and Keywords. Abstract should be informative, self-explanatory and easy to understand.

  • The abstract should not more than 250 words in length.
  • Abstract should briefly present the purpose of research, state the scope of the experiments, indicate significant results, and summarizes major findings and conclusions.
  • An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. Therefore, avoid references/citations in the abstract.
  • Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential, they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
  • Graphical abstract: Although not mandatory, we encourage manuscripts with Graphical abstract because it helps to capture the attention of wide readership. It should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form. A graphical abstract should be submitted as a separate file by e-mail or in the online submission system. Image size: please provide an image with a minimum of 500 × 1250 pixels (h × w) or proportionally more. The image should be readable at a size of 5 × 13 cm using a regular screen resolution of 96 dpi. Preferred file types: jpeg, png, tiff, eps, or MS Office files.


Immediately after abstract, provide 3-6 keywords. These keywords will be used for indexing purpose.


This should be brief and state the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. Introduction should clearly state the hypothesis or purpose statement, how and why the purpose or hypothesis was developed and why the author thinks it important

Material and methods

This section must contain specific details about the materials studied; instruments used, specialized chemicals source and related experimental details, which allows other research worker to reproduce the results. Obtain permission for all fully borrowed, adapted, and modified tables and provide a credit line in the footnote. If any animal study was carried out, then the necessary institutional animal ethical committee approval should be taken and should be mentioned in the manuscript. If any human study was carried out, then necessary human ethical committee or appropriate approval should be taken and should be mentioned in the manuscript. A written consent should be taken from the human subjects or patients involved in the study ensuring their acceptance in the study and publication of relevant datas/photos/images in the journal and should be mentioned in the manuscript. The journal will not be responsible if any of the above if not followed and the editor’s decision would be final if any litigation arises during processing or after publishing.

Results and Discussion

The results should be concisely presented. Results and discussion may be separate or combined based on the author’s requirement. Tables and figures should be designed to maximize the comprehension of the experimental data. The interpreted results should be explained clearly in discussions and should relate them to the existing knowledge in the field as clearly as possible. Tables, Graphs and figures (Illustrations) should be inserted in to the main text at respective place they should appear when published and should have appropriate numbers and titles with an explanatory heading. Labels of the table, graph and figures must be in the text form and should not form part of the image.


This should clearly explain the main conclusions of the work highlighting its importance and relevance. It should be short and concise but should not repeat the abstract. Generally, the conclusion does not cite references.

Reference: follow Vancouver citation style

References in text:

  • Reference should be cited at the appropriate point in the text by number(s) in square brackets in line with the text. e.g.: '..... was reported earlier [3, 6].'
  • The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given. e.g.: 'Barnaby and Jones [8] obtained a different....' 

Reference in list:

This referencing style sheet is to be used in conjunction with the Library’s general Guide to Citing and Referencing. IEEE style is used mainly in Electronic and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. This style sheet gives general guidelines based on the IEEE’s citation and referencing guide:

The below examples are from the IEEE Citation Reference GuideIEEE Reference Guide, and Murdoch University's IEEE Style LibGuide.

Examples of citations for different materials:

Material Type

Works Cited

Book in print

[1] D. Sarunyagate, Ed., Lasers. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996.

Chapter in book

[2] G. O. Young, "Synthetic structure of industrial plastics," in Plastics, 2nd ed., vol. 3, J. Peters, Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964, pp. 15-64.


[3] L. Bass, P. Clements, and R. Kazman, Software Architecture in Practice, 2nd ed. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley, 2003. [E-book] Available: Safari e-book.

Journal article

[4] G. Liu, K. Y. Lee, and H. F. Jordan, "TDM and TWDM de Bruijn networks and shufflenets for optical communications," IEEE Trans. Comp., vol. 46, pp. 695-701, June 1997.

eJournal (from database)

[5] H. Ayasso and A. Mohammad-Djafari, "Joint NDT Image Restoration and Segmentation Using Gauss–Markov–Potts Prior Models and Variational Bayesian Computation," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 2265-77, 2010. [Online]. Available: IEEE Xplore, [Accessed Sept. 10, 2010]. 

eJournal (from internet)

[6] A. Altun, “Understanding hypertext in the context of reading on the web: Language learners’ experience,” Current Issues in Education, vol. 6, no. 12, July, 2005. [Online serial]. Available: [Accessed Dec. 2, 2007].

Conference paper

[7] L. Liu and H. Miao, "A specification based approach to testing polymorphic attributes," in Formal Methods and Software Engineering: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Formal Engineering Methods, ICFEM 2004, Seattle, WA, USA, November 8-12, 2004, J. Davies, W. Schulte, M. Barnett, Eds. Berlin: Springer, 2004. pp. 306-19.

Conference proceedings

[8] T. J. van Weert and R. K. Munro, Eds., Informatics and the Digital Society: Social, ethical and cognitive issues: IFIP TC3/WG3.1&3.2 Open Conference on Social, Ethical and Cognitive Issues of Informatics and ICT, July 22-26, 2002, Dortmund, Germany. Boston: Kluwer Academic, 2003.

Newspaper article (from database)

[9] J. Riley, "Call for new look at skilled migrants," The Australian, p. 35, May 31, 2005. [Online]. Available: Factiva, [Accessed May 31, 2005].

Technical report

[10] K. E. Elliott and C.M. Greene, "A local adaptive protocol," Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, France, Tech. Rep. 916-1010-BB, 1997.


[11] J. P. Wilkinson, “Nonlinear resonant circuit devices,” U.S. Patent 3 624 125, Jul. 16, 1990.


[12] IEEE Criteria for Class IE Electric Systems, IEEE Standard 308, 1969.


[1] J. O. Williams, “Narrow-band analyzer,” Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Elect. Eng., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, 1993.


Standard abbreviations should be used throughout the manuscript. All nonstandard abbreviations should be kept to a minimum and must be defined in the text following their first use.

Nomenclature and Units:

The SI system should be used for all scientific and laboratory data: if, in certain instances, it is necessary to quote other units, these should be added in parentheses. Temperatures should be given in degrees Celsius.

Tables and figures:

Tables and figures should be placed next to the relevant text in the manuscript wherever they are expected to be in the final version of manuscript. Tables should be created with a word processor and cited consecutively in the text. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells. Be careful in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. To ensure the highest print quality, figures submitted must be with minimum 300 dpi or higher resolutions. Captions/legends will be placed below figures and adjusted to 10-font size. We do not charge for color figure reproduction, rather we promote authors to submit color figures.

Short communication:

The journal publishes exciting findings, preliminary data or studies that did not yield enough information to make a full paper as short communications. These have the same format requirements as full papers but are limited only up to 4 pages in length. Abstract should not be more than 100 words. In short Communications subtitles such as Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion - all these can also be merged into the running text. Short Communications preferably should have only 3-4 illustrations.

Review article:

Organization of the review article is at the author’s discretion. Abstract and key words are required. Tables, figures, illustrations and references are to be arranged according to research papers.

Review process

All manuscripts are reviewed by the editorial board and assigned reviewers. Decisions will be made as rapidly as possible, and the journal strives to return reviewer’s comments to authors within 2-3 weeks. The editorial board will re-review manuscripts that are pending for revision. It is the goal of the AJAPAS to publish accepted manuscripts within 1 week after acceptance.

Proofs and reprints:

After acceptance of manuscript for publication electronic proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no major changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. Because WJARR will be published online, authors will have free electronic access to the full text (PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.



We will look forward to the submission of your next manuscript.

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